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centos6.3 最小安装系统下快速搭建环境

  • 来源: 驱动中国 作者: itcom 2012-10-30/08:44 访问量:
  • 1,初始化系统环境 完成系统根新,gcc编译环境,php安装依赖,系统内核优化

    lokkit --disabled --selinux=disabled

    yum update -y

    yum install -y telnet wget rsync subversion patch

    yum install -y system-config-network-tui

    yum install -y bind-utils

    yum install -y vim-enhanced

    yum install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf -y

    yum install curl-devel libmcrypt-devel gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libXpm-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel mhash-devel openssl-devel -y

    cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <

    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500

    net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144

    net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

    net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

    net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

    net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1

    net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1

    net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 60

    net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30

    net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192

    net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 4096

    EOF

    2,配置ntp服务

    yum install ntp -y

    cp /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original

    vim /etc/ntp.conf < /dev/null 2>&1

    :22,24s/^/#/

    :25,25s/^/\rserver 210.72.145.44\rserver 133.100.11.8\r/

    :wq

    VIM

    service ntpd start

    chkconfig ntpd on

    3,安装nginx

    groupadd -r www

    useradd -r -g www -s /bin/false -M www

    cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo <

    [nginx]

    name=nginx repo

    baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/x86_64/

    gpgcheck=0

    enabled=1

    EOF

    yum search nginx

    yum install nginx

    chkconfig nginx on

    service nginx start

    ps:需要修改nginx使用用户为www,默认为nginx

    4,安装mysql

    wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-devel-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

    wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-client-5.5.25a-1.linux2.6.x86_64.rpm

    wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-server-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

    wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

    wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-compat-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

    yum -y localinstall MySQL-*
    #p#副标题#e#


    5,安装php  在这有根据实际情况可以选择不同的版本。
    1>php-5.2.17

    wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz 
    wget http://museum.php.net/php5/php-5.2.17.tar.gz 

    tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz 
    gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1 

    cd php-5.2.17 

    ./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.2.17 \ 
    --with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc \ 
    --with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc/conf.d \ 
    --with-libdir=lib64 \ 
    --enable-fastcgi \ 
    --enable-fpm \ 
    --with-pear \ 
    --with-curl \ 
    --with-gd \ 
    --with-jpeg-dir \ 
    --with-png-dir \ 
    --with-freetype-dir \ 
    --with-zlib-dir \ 
    --with-iconv \ 
    --with-mcrypt \ 
    --with-mysql \ 
    --with-pdo-mysql \ 
    --with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \ 
    --with-openssl=shared \ 
    --with-mhash=shared \ 
    --with-sqlite=shared \ 
    --with-pdo-sqlite=shared \ 
    --with-xsl=shared \ 
    --with-pear \ 
    --enable-sockets \ 
    --enable-soap \ 
    --enable-mbstring \ 
    --enable-magic-quotes \ 
    --enable-inline-optimization \ 
    --enable-gd-native-ttf \ 
    --enable-zip \ 
    --enable-xml \ 
    --enable-ftp \ 
    --enable-bcmath \ 
    --enable-calendar \ 
    --enable-sqlite-utf8 \ 
    --enable-shmop \ 
    --enable-dba \ 
    --enable-wddx \ 
    --enable-sysvsem \ 
    --enable-sysvshm \ 
    --enable-sysvmsg \ 
    --disable-debug 

    make && make install 


    cp php.ini-recommended /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini 
    cp /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf.original

    2>php-5.3.10

    wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.10.tar.gz    
    tar xf php-5.3.10.tar.gz 
    cd php-5.3.10 
    ./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.3.10 \ 
    --with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc \ 
    --with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc/conf.d \ 
    --with-libdir=lib64 \ 
    --enable-fastcgi \ 
    --enable-fpm \ 
    --with-pear \ 
    --with-curl \ 
    --with-gd \ 
    --with-jpeg-dir \ 
    --with-png-dir \ 
    --with-freetype-dir \ 
    --with-zlib-dir \ 
    --with-iconv \ 
    --with-mcrypt \ 
    --with-mysql \ 
    --with-pdo-mysql \ 
    --with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \ 
    --with-openssl=shared \ 
    --with-mhash=shared \ 
    --with-sqlite=shared \ 
    --with-pdo-sqlite=shared \ 
    --with-xsl=shared \ 
    --without-pear \ 
    --enable-sockets \ 
    --enable-soap \ 
    --enable-mbstring \ 
    --enable-magic-quotes \ 
    --enable-inline-optimization \ 
    --enable-gd-native-ttf \ 
    --enable-zip \ 
    --enable-xml \ 
    --enable-ftp \ 
    --enable-bcmath \ 
    --enable-calendar \ 
    --enable-sqlite-utf8 \ 
    --enable-shmop \ 
    --enable-dba \ 
    --enable-wddx \ 
    --enable-sysvsem \ 
    --enable-sysvshm \ 
    --enable-sysvmsg \ 
    --disable-debug 

    make && make install

    php优化拿php-5.3.10为列

    cp php.ini-production /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini 
    cp /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf 
    vim /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini    <<VIM 
    :%s/expose_php = On/expose_php = Off/ 
    :643,643s/;// 
    :/;open_basedir =/s#^;open_basedir =#open_basedir = /www/:/tmp/# 
    :wq 
    VIM
    #p#副标题#e#
    附一个进过优化的nginx配置文件
    user    www www; 
    worker_processes 8; 
    error_log    /www/log/nginx_error.log    crit; 
    pid                /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid; 
    worker_rlimit_nofile 204800; 

    events 


        use epoll; 
        worker_connections 204800; 
    } 

    http 

    { 
        include             mime.types; 
        default_type    application/octet-stream; 

    server_tokens off; 

        charset    utf-8; 

        server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; 
        client_header_buffer_size 2k; 
        large_client_header_buffers 4 4k; 
        client_max_body_size 8m; 

        sendfile on; 
        tcp_nopush         on; 

        keepalive_timeout 60; 

        fastcgi_cache_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_cache levels=1
    :
                                    keys_zone=TEST:10m 
                                    inactive=5m

        fastcgi_connect_timeout 300; 
        fastcgi_send_timeout 300; 
        fastcgi_read_timeout 300; 
        fastcgi_buffer_size 16k; 
        fastcgi_buffers 16 16k; 
        fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 16k; 
        fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 16k; 
        fastcgi_cache TEST; 
        fastcgi_cache_valid 200 302 1h; 
        fastcgi_cache_valid 301 1d; 
        fastcgi_cache_valid any 1m; 
        fastcgi_cache_min_uses 1; 
        fastcgi_cache_use_stale error timeout invalid_header http_500; 
         
        open_file_cache max=204800 inactive=20s; 
        open_file_cache_min_uses 1; 
        open_file_cache_valid 30s; 
         


        tcp_nodelay on; 
         
        gzip on; 
        gzip_min_length    1k; 
        gzip_buffers         4 16k; 
        gzip_http_version 1.0; 
        gzip_comp_level 2; 
        gzip_types             text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml; 
        gzip_vary on; 


        server 
        { 
            listen             80; 
            server_name    www.myhack58.com; 
            index index.php index.htm; 
            root    /www/html/; 

            location /status 
            { 
                    stub_status on; 
            } 

            location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ 
            
    { 
                    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1
    :9000
                    fastcgi_index index.php; 
                    include fcgi.conf; 
            } 

            location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$ 
            

                    expires            7d; 
            } 

            location ~ .*\.(js|css)$ 
            

                 expires            1h; 
            }                        
            location ~ .*\.(html|htm) 
            

                 expires            15m; 
            } 
            location ~ .*\.log$ 
            

                 deny all; 
            } 


            log_format    access    '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ' 
                                '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' 
                                '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for'; 
            access_log    /www/log/access.log    access; 
                } 
    }


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