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centos6.3 最小安装系统下快速搭建环境

来源: 驱动中国 编辑:itcom 2012-10-30 08:44 评论:

1,初始化系统环境 完成系统根新,gcc编译环境,php安装依赖,系统内核优化

lokkit --disabled --selinux=disabled

yum update -y

yum install -y telnet wget rsync subversion patch

yum install -y system-config-network-tui

yum install -y bind-utils

yum install -y vim-enhanced

yum install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf -y

yum install curl-devel libmcrypt-devel gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libXpm-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel mhash-devel openssl-devel -y

cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 60

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192

net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 4096

EOF

2,配置ntp服务

yum install ntp -y

cp /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original

vim /etc/ntp.conf < /dev/null 2>&1

:22,24s/^/#/

:25,25s/^/\rserver 210.72.145.44\rserver 133.100.11.8\r/

:wq

VIM

service ntpd start

chkconfig ntpd on

3,安装nginx

groupadd -r www

useradd -r -g www -s /bin/false -M www

cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo <

[nginx]

name=nginx repo

baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/x86_64/

gpgcheck=0

enabled=1

EOF

yum search nginx

yum install nginx

chkconfig nginx on

service nginx start

ps:需要修改nginx使用用户为www,默认为nginx

4,安装mysql

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-devel-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-client-5.5.25a-1.linux2.6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-server-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-compat-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

yum -y localinstall MySQL-*
#p#副标题#e#


5,安装php  在这有根据实际情况可以选择不同的版本。
1>php-5.2.17

wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz 
wget http://museum.php.net/php5/php-5.2.17.tar.gz 

tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz 
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1 

cd php-5.2.17 

./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.2.17 \ 
--with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc \ 
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc/conf.d \ 
--with-libdir=lib64 \ 
--enable-fastcgi \ 
--enable-fpm \ 
--with-pear \ 
--with-curl \ 
--with-gd \ 
--with-jpeg-dir \ 
--with-png-dir \ 
--with-freetype-dir \ 
--with-zlib-dir \ 
--with-iconv \ 
--with-mcrypt \ 
--with-mysql \ 
--with-pdo-mysql \ 
--with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \ 
--with-openssl=shared \ 
--with-mhash=shared \ 
--with-sqlite=shared \ 
--with-pdo-sqlite=shared \ 
--with-xsl=shared \ 
--with-pear \ 
--enable-sockets \ 
--enable-soap \ 
--enable-mbstring \ 
--enable-magic-quotes \ 
--enable-inline-optimization \ 
--enable-gd-native-ttf \ 
--enable-zip \ 
--enable-xml \ 
--enable-ftp \ 
--enable-bcmath \ 
--enable-calendar \ 
--enable-sqlite-utf8 \ 
--enable-shmop \ 
--enable-dba \ 
--enable-wddx \ 
--enable-sysvsem \ 
--enable-sysvshm \ 
--enable-sysvmsg \ 
--disable-debug 

make && make install 


cp php.ini-recommended /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini 
cp /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf.original

2>php-5.3.10

wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.10.tar.gz    
tar xf php-5.3.10.tar.gz 
cd php-5.3.10 
./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.3.10 \ 
--with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc \ 
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc/conf.d \ 
--with-libdir=lib64 \ 
--enable-fastcgi \ 
--enable-fpm \ 
--with-pear \ 
--with-curl \ 
--with-gd \ 
--with-jpeg-dir \ 
--with-png-dir \ 
--with-freetype-dir \ 
--with-zlib-dir \ 
--with-iconv \ 
--with-mcrypt \ 
--with-mysql \ 
--with-pdo-mysql \ 
--with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \ 
--with-openssl=shared \ 
--with-mhash=shared \ 
--with-sqlite=shared \ 
--with-pdo-sqlite=shared \ 
--with-xsl=shared \ 
--without-pear \ 
--enable-sockets \ 
--enable-soap \ 
--enable-mbstring \ 
--enable-magic-quotes \ 
--enable-inline-optimization \ 
--enable-gd-native-ttf \ 
--enable-zip \ 
--enable-xml \ 
--enable-ftp \ 
--enable-bcmath \ 
--enable-calendar \ 
--enable-sqlite-utf8 \ 
--enable-shmop \ 
--enable-dba \ 
--enable-wddx \ 
--enable-sysvsem \ 
--enable-sysvshm \ 
--enable-sysvmsg \ 
--disable-debug 

make && make install

php优化拿php-5.3.10为列

cp php.ini-production /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini 
cp /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf 
vim /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini    <<VIM 
:%s/expose_php = On/expose_php = Off/ 
:643,643s/;// 
:/;open_basedir =/s#^;open_basedir =#open_basedir = /www/:/tmp/# 
:wq 
VIM
#p#副标题#e#
附一个进过优化的nginx配置文件
user    www www; 
worker_processes 8; 
error_log    /www/log/nginx_error.log    crit; 
pid                /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid; 
worker_rlimit_nofile 204800; 

events 


    use epoll; 
    worker_connections 204800; 
} 

http 

{ 
    include             mime.types; 
    default_type    application/octet-stream; 

server_tokens off; 

    charset    utf-8; 

    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; 
    client_header_buffer_size 2k; 
    large_client_header_buffers 4 4k; 
    client_max_body_size 8m; 

    sendfile on; 
    tcp_nopush         on; 

    keepalive_timeout 60; 

    fastcgi_cache_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_cache levels=1
:
                                keys_zone=TEST:10m 
                                inactive=5m

    fastcgi_connect_timeout 300; 
    fastcgi_send_timeout 300; 
    fastcgi_read_timeout 300; 
    fastcgi_buffer_size 16k; 
    fastcgi_buffers 16 16k; 
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 16k; 
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 16k; 
    fastcgi_cache TEST; 
    fastcgi_cache_valid 200 302 1h; 
    fastcgi_cache_valid 301 1d; 
    fastcgi_cache_valid any 1m; 
    fastcgi_cache_min_uses 1; 
    fastcgi_cache_use_stale error timeout invalid_header http_500; 
     
    open_file_cache max=204800 inactive=20s; 
    open_file_cache_min_uses 1; 
    open_file_cache_valid 30s; 
     


    tcp_nodelay on; 
     
    gzip on; 
    gzip_min_length    1k; 
    gzip_buffers         4 16k; 
    gzip_http_version 1.0; 
    gzip_comp_level 2; 
    gzip_types             text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml; 
    gzip_vary on; 


    server 
    { 
        listen             80; 
        server_name    www.myhack58.com; 
        index index.php index.htm; 
        root    /www/html/; 

        location /status 
        { 
                stub_status on; 
        } 

        location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ 
        
{ 
                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1
:9000
                fastcgi_index index.php; 
                include fcgi.conf; 
        } 

        location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$ 
        

                expires            7d; 
        } 

        location ~ .*\.(js|css)$ 
        

             expires            1h; 
        }                        
        location ~ .*\.(html|htm) 
        

             expires            15m; 
        } 
        location ~ .*\.log$ 
        

             deny all; 
        } 


        log_format    access    '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ' 
                            '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' 
                            '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for'; 
        access_log    /www/log/access.log    access; 
            } 
}

责任编辑:itcom